The retractable dog lead
Retractable leads are no good for teaching the dog loose lead walking
Due to the way that A retractable lead works, it means that the lead is always under some tension. As a result, the dog gets confused when learning that they shouldn’t pull on the lead.
Because retractable leads are essentially easy to use, people become lazy with them. As a result, they often do not pay enough attention as to what their dog is up to and what is going on around them
This means that both dog and owner can get into all sorts of trouble. For example, due to the extended leads usually being thin rope, they can easily cause friction burns to your hands and legs. I have also seen some very nasty cuts that have required stitches due to the lead getting wrapped around the finger and the dog suddenly pulling it tight
I have also been sent flying when the dog wrapped the lead around my legs and took me out due to the dog owners being on the phone and not paying attention (I know this could happen with an ordinary lead but not as easy)
They have very bulky handles so easy to drop
Again if a dog suddenly sees something because the extended lead allows them to buildup sped, they are far more difficult to hold onto. As a result, you can end up with a big lump of plastic hurtling towards the dg. This is enough to make anyone scared (including dogs), so they are likely to bolt.
However, having said that, I do see how they can be an advantage in strange places, but it is imperative to keep an eye on your dog, the led and the surroundings, and if you are uncertain, make sure the lock is on (although can fail), and they have a short lead.
Long training leads/line
These, in essence, generally offer better control and will be recommended by a dog trainer. As the name suggests, it is a very long lead and makes the owners pay more attention as they have to manually let the lead out or bring the lad n shorter and would be my preferred choice.
These types of lead take more skills and require more engagement with your dog to use. But surely that is an advantage?
It should be noted that because these can often be made of rope that you can still get burnt, so work gloves may be advisable.
As your dog starts to get better at recall and better behave, you can let the lead trail on the floor, so he has freedom, BUT you can still stand on the rope in an emergency.
I would suggest when using a long line that you tie knows every foot or so to make it easier .to stand on the lead quickly
Of course, having a rope trailing around the floor can be a trip hazard, so care still needs to be taken.
Whatever lead you use, I would always recommend a harness. This makes it far safer and more comfortable as you are not causing sudden jerks to the dog’s neck.
Another thing that is useful to use with long lines is a bungee I attachment. This fits between the long line and the harness and has the advantage of absorbing some of the shocks when the dog to the end and is forced to a sudden stop.